State Coverage

The patchwork of State marijuana, cannabis, and CBD laws makes operating legal business in this emerging market ... tricky ... at best. Adding to the complexity, many cities, counties, and other local government offices often create their own ordinances regarding both medical and recreational marijuana access. Below you will find very high-level information regarding the medical and recreational use of marijuana, cannabis, and CBD at a state level as of January 1, 2020**

Legend
Legal
Prohibited
Alabama

Currently, the only legally approved medical use in Alabama is cannabis oil for children with seizures. The Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission was formed in 2019 to study the effects of medical marijuana. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount, for any reason, is still illegal.

Alaska

Alaska allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Alaska state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Arizona

Arizona only allows for the use of medial marijuana to treat a limited number of ailments, and requires a prescription. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Arkansas

Although medical use of marijuana, cannabis, and CBD is officially legal in Arkansas, the regulatory environment is exceptionally restrictive, resulting in few dispensaries statewide. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

California

California allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, California state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Colorado

Colorado allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Colorado state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Connecticut

Connecticut allows for the use of medial marijuana to treat a variety of ailments, and the state has a robust medical use program in place. Possession or use of marijuana for recreational purposes has been decriminalized (not legalized), but distribution may result in a felony.

Delaware

Currently, medical marijuana is only approved to treat certain medical conditions. However, Delaware has decriminalized (not legalized) the possession of all but excessively large quantities (50+ pounds) of marijuana.

Florida

In Florida, medical marijuana is legal to treat a very limited number of qualifying ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Georgia

Although medical use is legal in Georgia, the state has a very strict regulatory environment, allowing only CBD oil for the treatment of a very limited number of ailments. Some cities have decriminalized (not legalized) or reduced penalties for possession; however on a state level, possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Hawaii

Medical marijuana is legal for a small number of ailments, requiring a prescription. Although recreational use is still illegal, possession is decriminalized (not legalized) except for amounts of one-pound or more.

Idaho

Idaho is one of only three states where the complete prohibition of marijuana, cannabis, and CBD still applies.

Illinois

Illinois allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Illinois state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Indiana

Indiana only allows the use of CBD oil to treat medical ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Iowa

In Iowa, only CBD oil is approved to treat a small number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Kansas

Although medical use of CBD oil with 0% THC is technically legal in Kansas, the law overlooks that all CBD oil contains at least trace amounts. Additionally, the state did not provide a framework for Kansas patients to legally obtain products. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Kentucky

Currently, the only legal medical use for CBD oil is a clinical trial for epilepsy being conducted at the University of Kentucky. Otherwise, medical use is still prohibited. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Louisiana

Although medical marijuana use is legal in Louisiana, the infrastructure is weak with only two licensed cultivators and less than ten dispensaries. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Maine

Maine allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Maine's state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Maryland

Maryland has established a medical marijuana program to treat a limited number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana for recreational purposes is still technically illegal, though some decriminalization (not legalization) has occurred in areas of the state.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Massachusetts state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Michigan

Michigan allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Michigan state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Minnesota

Medical use in Minnesota is legal, so long as the product is in liquid, pill, or vaporized form. The regulatory environment is fairly strict, and medical use is limited to a small number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Mississippi

In Mississippi, only CBD oil is legal for medical use to treat people with epileptic conditions. All other medical uses are still prohibited. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Missouri

The medical marijuana program in Missouri is fairly robust with an extensive treatment list, and physician discretion to expand to other ailments. While marijuana is decriminalized (not legalized), possession or use of marijuana for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Montana

Medical marijuana is legal in Montana for a very limited number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Nebraska

Nebraska is one of only three states where the complete prohibition of marijuana, cannabis, and CBD still applies.

Nevada

Nevada allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Nevada state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

New Hampshire

Medical marijuana in New Hampshire is unique in that patients with certain ailments can grow their own plants at home within legal limits. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

New Jersey

In New Jersey, medial marijuana is legal to treat a number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

New Mexico

In New Mexico, a robust medical cannabis program exists to treat a rather large number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

New York

Medical marijuana and CBD oil with trace amounts of THC are legal to treat a limited number of ailments in New York. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

North Carolina

In North Carolina, only CBD oil is approved to treat one ailment; intractable epilepsy. Other medial use is still prohibited. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

North Dakota

Medical marijuana in North Dakota is approved to treat a lengthy list of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Ohio

The medical marijuana program in Ohio allows for the treatment of a long list of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Oklahoma

The medical marijuana program in Oklahoma is unique in that patients can apply for a medical card, rather than fitting into a predetermined list of medical conditions. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Oregon

Oregon allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Oregon state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania allows for the legal use of medical marijuana to treat a fair number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Rhode Island

In Rhode Island, medical marijuana is approved to treat a small number of ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

South Carolina

In South Carolina, only CBD oil is approved for medical treatment of a single ailment; children with severe epilepsy. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

South Dakota

South Dakota is one of only three states where the complete prohibition of marijuana, cannabis, and CBD still applies.

Tennessee

In Tennessee, only CBD oil is legal for medical use to treat people with an extremely limited number of conditions. Unfortunately, the state did not provide a framework for patients to legally obtain CBD oil. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Texas

Only CBD oil is legal in Texas to treat a single medical ailment; significant seizures. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Utah

Medical marijuana use in Utah is restricted to a moderate number of predetermined ailments, however patients can also petition a compassionate use board to qualify for medical use. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Vermont

Vermont allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana; however, retail sale is not currently permitted. Instead, the state allows residents to cultivate plants in their home within legal limits.

Virginia

In Virginia, CBD oil is legal to treat any medical condition with a prescription. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Washington

Washington allows both medical and recreational use of marijuana. As with other states, Washington state law provides for a "Local Option" - meaning that local ordinances can be established to limit the sale and use of recreational marijuana.

West Virginia

West Virginia has a robust medical marijuana program for the legal treatment of a lengthy list of medical conditions. However, it should be noted that only oils, pills, and liquid are legal formats (not plants/flowers). Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Wisconsin

Currently, only CBD oil is legal in Wisconsin to treat seizure causing ailments. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

Wyoming

In Wyoming, only CBD oil is legal for medical use to treat people with seizure conditions. However, the state did not provide a framework for patients to legally obtain CBD oil. Possession or use of marijuana in any amount for recreational purposes is still illegal.

**The Armanno Agency is your expert partner in successfully navigating often abstract marijuana marketing regulations. However, this reference page is meant strictly for informational purposes only, is not comprehensive, and should not be construed as legal advice. Due to the rapidly evolving nature of market regulations, The Armanno Agency makes no warranties or assurances of accuracy of the information provided.